A term associated with protest on grounds of inhumanity and call for the abolition of: first, slavery (see, for example, the work of, 1759-1833); and, more recently, prisons and imprisonment. The latter stance developed within Scandinavian criminology (see, The Politics of Abolition, 1974) but has since been taken up within wider critical criminology . Abolitionists argue that prisons are ineffective, their justification untenable, and their violations of human rights widespread. The abolitionist stance rejects reformism on the grounds that this perpetuates and legitimizes the existing system. Abolitionism proposes new responses to crime, offending, and disputes-for example community-based alternatives to incarceration-and argues that the urge to punish and inflict pain must be challenged.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • aboliţionism — ABOLIŢIONÍSM s.n. Mişcare politică apărută la sfârşitul secolului al XVIII lea, care urmărea desfiinţarea sclaviei negrilor din America; p. gener. mişcare politică ce susţine desfiinţarea sclaviei. [pr.: ţi o ] – Din fr. abolitionnisme. Trimis de …   Dicționar Român

  • Abolitionism — Ab o*li tion*ism, n. The principles or measures of abolitionists. Wilberforce. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abolitionism — (n.) 1790, in the anti slavery sense, from ABOLITION (Cf. abolition) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abolitionism — For other uses, see Abolitionism (disambiguation). Anti slavery redirects here. For the British NGO working for the eradication of slavery, see Anti Slavery International. Am I Not A Man And A Brother? Medallion as part of the anti slavery… …   Wikipedia

  • abolitionism — /ab euh lish euh niz euhm/, n. the principle or policy of abolition, esp. of slavery of blacks in the U.S. [1800 10; ABOLITION + ISM] * * * (с 1783–1888) Movement to end the slave trade and emancipate slaves in western Europe and the Americas.… …   Universalium

  • abolitionism — abolitionist ► NOUN ▪ a person who favours the abolition of something, especially capital punishment or (formerly) slavery. DERIVATIVES abolitionism noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Abolitionism (bioethics) — Abolitionism is a bioethical school and movement which proposes the use of biotechnology to maximize happiness and minimize suffering while working towards the abolition of involuntary suffering. [cite web | title = Abolitionism | url =… …   Wikipedia

  • Abolitionism (animal rights) — Abolitionism within the animal rights movement is a movement that seeks to abolish animal exploitation. The abolitionists objective is to secure a legal and moral paradigm shift, whereby animals are no longer regarded as property to be used or… …   Wikipedia

  • Abolitionism (disambiguation) — *Abolitionism, the movement to end human slavery. *Abolitionism (animal rights), the movement to end the property status of animals. *Abolitionism (bioethics), the use of biotechnology to eliminate involuntary sentient suffering.ee also*Abolition …   Wikipedia

  • abolitionism — noun Date: 1808 principles or measures fostering abolition especially of slavery • abolitionist noun or adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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